In the second letter to the Corinthians, we read a few verses from the seventeenth verse of the second chapter. Second chapter at verse 17:
"That we are not as many, making merchandise of the Word of God, but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ. Are we beginning again to commend ourselves? Or need we, as do some, letters of commendation to you or from you? Ye are our epistle, written in our hearts, known and read of all men; being made manifest that ye are an epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not in tables of stone but in tables that are hearts of flesh.
"And such confidence have we through Christ to God-ward. Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to account anything as from ourselves; but our sufficiency is from God, who also made us sufficient as ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life.
"If the ministration of death, written and engraved on stones came with glory, so that the children of Israel could not look steadfastly upon the face of Moses for the glory of his face, which glory was passing away, how shall not rather the ministration of the Spirit be with glory?"
This is another phase in this whole letter and document relating to the ministry of the church. And we are going to dwell this evening upon this further phase concerning these living epistles and letters of commendation in which we shall, if we do not immediately, see something of the nature of the ministry of the Lord's people. Not the ministry to the Lord's people at the moment, but the ministry of the Lord's people.
When we commenced this consideration, we pointed out that right through the letter there are many indications of the sufferings and adversities which had come upon the apostle Paul from this church in Corinth; at least from a section of it. It's very difficult to believe that the whole church was like this, but a section is referred to. We don't know how large it was, but it was large and serious enough for him to take so much account of it as to write at least these two considerable letters, for they both have to do with that attitude which had arisen against himself.
It is not at all certain that Peter ever went to Corinth, and the fact that there was a "Peter section" in Corinth, is rather illuminating, I think. It's a key to the situation. We have no knowledge whatever of Peter having ever been to Corinth, and yet there was that group there in the church which said: "We are of Peter". I think it indicates the work of the Judaizers who followed Paul wherever he went - to every church, every assembly of believers which had come into being through his ministry - following him to discredit him in the church. A wretched business, a miserable, contemptible life work. But there it was. And we know it was a fact in other churches like Galatia and elsewhere, definitely referred to. And the fact is that this, this "Peter element" seems to point to the work of the Judaizers, because Peter was the apostle to the circumcision, that is, to the Jews. And while Peter would not have agreed with them, with this group, this Peter group, at all, there it was. They were there and they had influence. They, this Judaizing faction, had influenced these people saying, "Now, you see, Peter, Peter was the first and great apostle, he was the great spokesman on the day of Pentecost, and he, well, Peter is the big man, and the man at the beginning. And Peter, see, is the apostle to the Jews and here this man Paul has repudiated that realm, the Jews, and gone to the Gentiles. He's come here!" The Gentiles - you see the word? See what had happened. And this leaven, this evil leaven, had leavened the church at Corinth. And therefore, there was amongst these believers this wretched, this miserable, contemptible activity of discrediting the apostle Paul and his ministry.
And one of the lines, quite evidently, that they took and adopted was this: "Did Paul ever bring you letters of commendation from the church at Jerusalem? Have you ever seen his certificate of ministry which was given to him by Jerusalem?" Jerusalem, not Antioch. They couldn't have said it about Antioch, but Jerusalem is the place for the Jewish element, you see. "Have you ever seen his certificate, have you ever seen his letter of commendation? Did he ever come, having in his hand something from Jerusalem to establish his bona fides as an apostle? Of course not, you've never seen such a thing, because he hasn't got one. Jerusalem hasn't given him authority. Jerusalem hasn't accredited his apostleship. Jerusalem has not ordained him to the ministry. He has no letters of commendation. He has no certificates of his authority."
Well, the apostle had met that. It had cut him like the many others things which we've not mentioned, but which are indicated in this letter, cut him very deeply. He suffered very acutely because, you see, after all, this church, they all owed everything of Christ, to him. It was he who had suffered for them. It was he who had day and night ministered amongst them for two years. It was he who had given his life for them, and he naturally - because he was human and because of his devotion, spiritual devotion - he naturally felt this kind of thing very acutely.
So he answers it, "Need we as some do, as some do, letters of commendation?" I think there was a bit of sarcasm in what there was in that: "As some do..." but I'll leave that to you to work out. "As some do... Need we? Need we letters of commendation? Do we really, do you need a certificate of our apostleship? Is that the ground of our credit - a piece of paper? Is that our credit? Ye, ye are our letters of commendation. Look at yourself! Who was it led you to Christ? How did you come to know the Lord Jesus? Who was His instrument bringing you into salvation?" It was not Peter. It was not Apollos. He didn't answer it, he only asked the question and left them to answer it. "Look at yourselves and look at your beginning, look at what you have of Christ and know of Christ, and what Christ means to you, and then answer the question in your own heart: how did it come to you? "Need we documentary evidence? You are the documentary evidence, you are an epistle. And not an epistle of us." Note: be careful, "not of ourselves, we're not sufficient of ourselves." No, he's discounting himself; although an instrument, a vessel, a means used. He discounts himself and says "An epistle of Christ. You are not representatives of Paul and his teaching - propagandists of the truth that he propagates. You are not just members of a clique and a group: Pauline. You are epistles of Christ, epistles of Christ". That's the only credential. That is the true certificate.
Men make a great deal of these other things, you know. The official support from Jerusalem, wherever that may be: the ordination by men, the certificate of ordination. They make a lot of these things, but there's something without which all these things go for nothing, and mean nothing. They give us no credit, no standing, no right, no authority. The only true certificate is that people look at us and read Christ. Epistles of Christ. Read Christ. Don't read somebody's teaching. Don't read some man's name. We may have a vast amount of teaching, we may have it all, from all the years and all the conferences, but if in looking at us people do not read Christ, it goes for nothing. Just remember that. People we live with, do they read Christ? Are they able to discern Christ, decipher Christ in our lives? People we work with? This is our ministry, you see.
Ministry is not in the hall and gathering on the Lord's day or at special times, the ministry is in our home - that's where we can be read most clearly. Be read; it is in our business place. It is wherever we are. Wherever we are, that's the place of our ministry as the church and its members. And the ministry is that we are read, and make no mistake about it, we are read. People who live with us are reading us, people with whom we work are reading us, summing us up, taking account of us, passing their mental judgments upon us. And what is it? What is it? Are we difficult people to live with, to work with, awkward, cantankerous? See? Or do they read Christ? "Epistles of Christ," says Paul.
I think it's very probable that Paul had in his mind not only these tables of stone upon which the Lord wrote the law and gave to Moses, but there was something with which Paul was quite familiar, which has only come to light in recent years. I remember, I suppose some forty years ago, perhaps more, I came into possession of a book by Dr. Deichmann, a great German scholar, and it was called From Egyptian Rubbish Heaps [The author of this book was James Hope Moulton, published in 1917]. It was a discovery that excavations had made, and it became the basis of a great deal of new information as to life and its ways in the ancient world.
From Egyptian rubbish heaps there had been some excavating and as they threw up the earth from beneath, they threw up a great amount of broken earthenware, pieces of earthenware. And they saw that there was writing on the earthenware, on these pieces of earthenware: writing. And when they came to decipher the writing, they found that they were parts of letters. And when they put these pieces together, they were whole letters. And they were letters of Greek work, and of Roman work. And they began, "Unto the most excellent, so-and-so" and then some kind of nice word, not in New Testament language, but something like this: "blessings be upon you" from, well, one of the gods. "Unto the most excellent, the blessing of the gods be upon you, may you be found in happiness and in peace". Well, we are with Paul aren't we, at once, in the opening of his letters! Exactly like that, it was a formula of correspondence in those times. And these bits of broken earthenware, crockery, were called in their language, the ostraka. Ostraka. And our English word ostracism comes from that Greek word ostraka - thrown out, discarded bits of earthenware. I think Paul had this in mind when he was writing here. Yes, discarded, thrown out (may I use another word?) pitched out. Bits of mere earthenware, but not dead china, earthenware, crockery - living epistles, thrown out, discredited, put on the rubbish heap by you, but epistles of Christ.
Very often those two things go together on the part of the world, and perhaps many Christians, like the Corinthians, are discredited, dishonoured, cast aside, put on the rubbish heap, refuse, but epistles of Christ. Such a thing can happen, you see, to epistles of Christ. That happened, actually happened to the apostle Paul in Corinth: discredited, false apostle, without credentials, dishonoured there. "He can write bold letters. His letters are bold, but his personal presence is mean and despicable. His preaching, when we compare his preaching to some of our Greek orators, it can't stand up!" He acknowledged it: "My speech and my preaching is not with enticing words of man's wisdom. All right, you say what you like about my preaching, discredit it. My person, I know all about my physical infirmities and I know my physical presence doesn't impress you very much and you can say what you like about that and it could be quite true...". And all the other things that they said, and there are many of them recorded. But, dear friends, today, today, what about this ostraka ostracized man, what about it? Is he an epistle of Christ? Is he a living epistle?
You'll notice that this is set in the context of the veil which Moses put over his face and the two things said in connection with that veil are these: the glory which was passing, passing, fading and the glory which remains, abides. Contrasted ministry: the transient, the passing - the abiding, the permanent. I suggest to you that Paul belongs to the latter category: the permanent, the abiding, because a ministry of Christ.
Well, this is challenging, isn't it? I don't know that it's necessary to say a lot more. This is, this finds us out, it shows us just what the ministry of the church is. But there's another thing here, because this is all of a piece. If you go back to chapter 1, chapter 1 at verse 21, you have this: "Now He that stablisheth us with you in Christ" - the word is really into Christ - "stablisheth us with you into Christ and anointed us, is God."
An Anointed Vessel
Now, everybody here, I should think, knows the meaning of the anointing in the Bible. Kings were anointed, priests were anointed, some prophets were anointed. But the anointing, which was the symbol of the coming of the Holy Spirit upon that one, the anointing was always in relation to some ministry. It was not just having the Holy Spirit, but it was the positive aspect of the Holy Spirit in Divine expression. If it was a king, it was for kingship, for authority, for rule. If it was a priest, it was for mediation, it was his service, his work; so with such prophets as were anointed. It was always the active side.
And do you notice? Immediately Jesus had been anointed of the Holy Spirit, He went forth to His ministry. First His ministry was challenged in the wilderness by the devil. And then He returned from the wilderness in the power of the Spirit, came to Nazareth, and He was in His life ministry. The anointing was that: the practical, active aspect of the life of a man of God. "And hath anointed us." See, with you, the joint anointing of the church. Anointed. This just means the fact that the Holy Spirit has come to us, dear friends, and carries with it the fact of an activity in our lives in ministering Christ, in ministering Christ, in showing Christ, in expressing Christ, in making Christ known. The Holy Spirit, if He's with us at all, is with us on that line: the enablement, and the wisdom, and the power, the endurance, the effectiveness, the fruitfulness - all by the Spirit.
Notice the apostle speaks much about the Spirit here at the beginning of the letter: "Where the Spirit is Lord..." or "Where the Spirit of the Lord is, is liberty" and so on and "hath anointed us". It all goes into this great matter of our ministry. We are not sufficient of ourselves. Not sufficient of ourselves. We have no sufficiencies. But "He hath anointed us" and that's the sufficiency.
It's a wonderful thing, wonderful thing. It takes me right back to the beginning of my ministry where I first had a responsibility for a company of the Lord's people, a company of people where I had become, as the language is, "their pastor". But, you know, it was present with me so much there, "I haven't got the ability, I am not fit - fitted in any way for this work but there's the Holy Spirit equal to it all. I can count on the Holy Spirit". And from that first until this day, I believe that it's just been that. On one side the deep consciousness that we are not sufficient of ourselves. On the other, there's the anointing. There's the anointing, we can always fall back on the Holy Spirit. I wouldn't be speaking to you so strongly about our ministry if I couldn't say this to you, that the weakest, foolish, most inefficient naturally, can count upon the Holy Spirit. And to keep to our point: the Holy Spirit's object is to manifest Christ, to make the impression of Christ by our being present.
There I'm going to stop for the present. That is another aspect of our ministry: living epistles. How, how is the gospel to spread? How is the world to know? Well, the apostle doesn't say here anything about, or very much about, our going out here and there and everywhere talking, preaching. It may come into it for some. But what he does say is "read and known of ALL men." That's how the gospel grows! That's how the world knows, that people are able to read Christ where we are. We should go to prayer in our hearts I'm sure, and on our knees more and more: "Lord, fulfill this ministry, make me a certificate of Christ. Make me a living letter of commendation of Christ, an epistle of Christ, we pray".