We turn again to the letter to the Hebrews, with one word as our key
to the whole letter. In verse 1, "Holy brethren, companions
of a heavenly calling..." verse 14 "We are become companions
of Christ if we hold fast the beginning firm unto the end".
Companions of Christ and of a heavenly calling. As a subject we have
pointed out that this is the key to the whole of this letter. This
letter is an appeal for companions of Christ; an appeal for
companions of a heavenly calling. And we have also said that this
letter is a summary of the whole of the New Testament.
In making that statement, of course we provide you with a very large
field of consideration. We simply have to say that all that is in
the New Testament is gathered in some way into this letter to the
Hebrews. Therefore, all that is in the New Testament is gathered up
into this one thought: God is seeking companions for His Son in a
Now this morning we are going to dig more deeply into this letter to
the Hebrews, always with this one thought in mind: it is companions
of Christ which are in view. Let us say one brief word about the
point of view taken by this letter.
We understand that this letter was written and given to the Hebrew
Christians at a time of very serious crisis. It was at the time when
a whole system which had existed for many centuries, was about to
pass away. The whole system of the Old Testament from Moses onward was about to
pass away. After the writer had put down all that is in this letter,
he put over it a quotation from the Old Testament: "Yet once more I
will shake the heavens and the earth that the things that can be
shaken shall be shaken and that the things which cannot be shaken
shall abide." And in quoting that Scripture and putting it at the
end of this letter, he indicated that that was just about to take
place. And he proved to be right. It is evident that this letter was
written just before the year A.D. 70. It may have been that already
the Roman legions were gathering around Jerusalem and we know from
history what happened. Jerusalem was besieged and destroyed. Not one
stone of the temple was left standing upon another. The whole land
was desolated. The priestly service ceased; all the functions of the
temple came to an end. The whole country was put into a state of
utter desolation and from that day onward, even till now, that
system ceased to be. Because the Lord knew what was going to happen,
and because in the Divine plan the time had come for it to happen,
this letter was written. Always read this letter in the light of
that great historic crisis.
That was the dark side of the story, but you notice that the letter
is just full of that better thing that was going to take place of
the old. We shall be dwelling upon that "better thing" as we go along.
But as the people of an earthly calling were being set aside, this
great letter of a heavenly calling was presented to them.
we go further with the letter, let us remember that its message
abides for us. It would be a very blind person today who could not
see that another such event is very near. There has been built up on
this earth another great system of Christianity. It is very earthly
as a system and, just as with the Jews in this case their hearts were
very much bound up with their system, so in our time multitudes of
Christians are just bound up with this historic Christianity.
not claim to be a prophet, but there is much in the Word of God that
points to the time when this whole system will go. It is very
impressive that in our lifetime we have seen this in a small way.
When the churches have been destroyed, the congregations have been
scattered, it has not been possible to go on with the old forms, and
people have had to find the Lord for themselves without any earthly
help; they have had to get their help from heaven and not from
earth. In a comparatively small way we have seen this happen on at
least two occasions. Of course you people in Switzerland don't know
much about that, but the Lord has smitten the earth on two terrible
occasions with not so many years between them and it is not
difficult to see that that could happen on a very much bigger
scale. And that
that event may not be very far off. Of course, we Christians speak
of the coming of the Lord; that is our hope and that is our
salvation: but we must remember that the coming of the Lord is
going to be accompanied by this terrible judgment upon this earth,
when everything that is not heavenly is going to be
shaken, so shaken that it will just collapse.
And so this Letter
has a real message for us. As it said to the Jewish Christians
at that time: "Your whole system, in which you are so bound up,
is going to pass away", so this Letter says to us today: "All
the earthly system is going to be shaken, and shaken out of its
place. But there is a better one coming!" God has some
better thing. Well, that is the standpoint of this letter. I am
sure we can see that it is very applicable to our time. We are
not just studying a book of the Bible which relates to many
centuries ago. God is the eternal God and He speaks to all time,
but the message is intensified as we get nearer the end.
Well that, as I
have said, is the standpoint from which the letter was written.
Now we are going to see further this...
Transition from the Earthly
to the Heavenly.
In the terms of the New Testament, and this letter
in particular, it is the transition from an earthly, historic
Israel to a heavenly, spiritual Israel. And so we are going to
look at the beginnings of Israel in both cases.
Do you notice how
the letter begins? It begins with one word: God. You can put a
big ring round that word. God. Over the whole content of this letter
stands God. "In the beginning... God." Everything in this letter
must be viewed from God's standpoint, this is not to be viewed
from man's standpoint, it is not to be viewed from the world's
standpoint, from the earthly standpoint. It is
God who is speaking, and all that is here is what God
is saying. God stands over all that this letter contains, and no
one is allowed to say that this thing is of man. As we move
through the letter we have to constantly say to ourselves: "God
is saying that! This is not the interpretation of man, this is
God speaking." This great transition which is marked by this letter,
is God moving forward. God is going on. God is in charge of
everything. And the Letter says: "The companions of the heavenly
calling are those who are moving on with God." So the appeal of
the letter is repeatedly this: "Let us go on, because God is
Now the whole of
the old Jewish system was something which had settled down, and
in a very real sense it had gone to sleep. Now, our brother said
to us at prayer time this morning that God doesn't come down to
us when we go to sleep. Of course he meant spiritually, not
naturally. No, God is not the God of the spiritually asleep. The
appeal to Israel was: "Awake, thou that sleepest!" That
system had gone to sleep, it had settled down, it had become an
end in itself. It was not moving on with God. That was the
trouble in the days of the prophets. And this letter says: "God
is going on. The companions are those who are going on with God."
Do remember this,
dear friends, that a true, living Christianity is a "going on"
Christianity. It will never stop going on, neither in this life,
nor in eternity. It says that "Of His kingdom there shall be
no end". So we begin with God, and we move on with God.
Now, this letter is
God expressing Himself. That is in the very first statement in
the letter: "God, having of old time spoken unto the
fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers
manners, hath at the end of these days spoken unto us in His Son."
Here, then, we meet with a God who is expressing Himself. He
is here declared to be a speaking God; He is a God who
speaks, He is not a dumb God He is not a silent God. He is a God
who has always been speaking and is speaking now. So, this
letter right at the beginning, declares God to be a God who
speaks. And then, to analyse it further, God is spoken of as
being a God who speaks with a purpose. He is a God of purpose
He is speaking concerning His purpose. He spoke in times
past "in the prophets by divers portions", He
speaks now in His Son, and here are two very important things to
In times past He
spoke in many parts, by many prophets, He spoke in many parts.
He said this thing to one prophet and this thing through
another. All the prophets were parts of God's speaking. No one
prophet said everything. You can look into the prophets and see
that every one of them had a specific aspect of God's message.
"In many parts", is the word. Now His final speech in Christ is
the gathering up of all the parts into completeness. God's Son
is the complete speech of God - all the parts are
brought together in Him. He is the full speech of God.
That gives this letter a very, very big place, doesn't it? This
letter says that now, here, God is speaking in fullness in His
And alongside of
that the appeal is "to give the more earnest heed",
because this is so much fuller than anything that God had ever
And then it says
that in times past God spoke "in many ways", not only in
different portions, but in different manners. Well, it would
take too long for us to go back to the Old Testament to see all
the manners in which God spoke. He spoke by a thousand different
means; sometimes by words and sometimes by acts. The manners
were indeed "diverse". But the statement here is that at the end
He speaks in one way, one all-inclusive way, and that is in His
Son. His Son is God's one inclusive way of speaking at the end.
On the one side, no one is going to get anything from God apart
from Jesus Christ now. God will absolutely refuse to speak other
than in His Son. If you want to know what God wants to say to
you, you've got to come to His Son. On the other side, we've got
all that ever God wants to say in Jesus Christ. Now, I want to say
that especially to young Christians.
You know, when we are young
Christians we can get very conceited spiritually; I was no
exception to this. After I had been a Christian for a little while
everything was so wonderful. The Bible was so wonderful, the
Lord was so wonderful, I went along and I didn't realise what I
was doing but I was saying quietly, "hallelujah". I remember
that my sister was walking at my side one day, I forgot she was
there. I was having such a good time with the Lord inside, I
said, "hallelujah"! And she looked up at me, she said, "It does
do me good to hear you say hallelujah!" Now of course that's all
right, but there was a foolish side to it. I thought I knew
everything that was in the Bible. I would almost say that! I was
in danger of becoming unteachable. I thought I'd got it all. I
thought I knew it all. Of course, that's a mark of youth. As
someone said about some words of David, David said, as you know,
"I have more knowledge than all my teachers; I have more
knowledge than all my teachers". And someone has said David must
have been a very young man when he said that!
Well now, I'm not
a young man any longer, it's a good many years since those days.
I have been reading and studying my Bible all through the
years, and I tell you quite honestly friends, that today this
book is altogether beyond me. I would never come back to this
letter to the Hebrews if that were not true. I have preached and
I have lectured on this letter for years, but today it is far,
far beyond me. Should I say this letter to the Hebrews? I would
be more correct in saying: the Lord Jesus who is revealed in
Yes, we have far, far more of God's speaking in His Son than yet
we have come to understand. We have nothing apart from Jesus
Christ, and we need nothing apart from Jesus Christ.
Now, we said this
letter presents God as a God of purpose, and it goes on to show
that God's purpose is centred and summed up in His Son.
And that, at the beginning of the letter, is set before us in
Firstly, in the
person of His Son. Just look at this: "At the end of
these days hath spoken unto us in His Son, whom He appointed
heir of all things, through whom also He made the ages; who
being the effulgence of His glory, and the very image of His
substance..." and so on. You notice that
that whole first chapter is occupied with presenting God's Son.
God is speaking concerning His Son, as to who His Son
is. What a great Son this is!
And then it
presents the Son in terms of redemption. "Having made
purification of sins". That is just one phrase,
but many chapters follow to explain what that redemption is. All
these chapters on priesthood and sacrifice have to do with that
one clause. Having made purification of sins... God is speaking
in His Son concerning redemption.
And in the third
place He is speaking in His Son concerning glory. The Son is the
very effulgence of His glory, and this Son is going to
bring many sons to glory, because this Son,
having made purification of sins, has sat down on the right hand
of the Majesty on high. He speaks in a Son whom He has
now glorified and set at His own right hand, the right hand of
the Majesty in the heavens.
But God does not
cease to speak in His Son concerning the Son only. You will
notice that in chapter two He brings man into this, and this letter
has this wonderful message for man: that all that God has put in
His Son is for man. God speaks in this letter of the finished
work of Christ, the work which is made complete for man.
Now here is
something that you and I must dwell upon. Personally, I am
constantly brought to this: I have not yet learned thoroughly to
believe what I believe in! I believe in the finished work of
Christ, and yet sometimes I am just as miserable about myself as
any man could be. And I am often almost at the point of giving
up because of what a wretched kind of thing I am. If there is
anything in this world that would cause me to give up the
Christian ministry, it is myself. Do you understand what I mean?
Oh, how we are discouraged by what we find in ourselves! And so,
we don't believe what we believe in. We believe in the finished
work of Christ, and that God puts all the finished work of
Christ to our account. And God does not see us in ourselves - He
sees us in Christ. He does not see us, He sees Christ in us. We
don't believe that! If we really believed that, we would be
delivered from ourselves and we would indeed be triumphant
Of course, that
does not mean that we can just behave anyhow. We may speak
wrongly and act wrongly, but there is for every true Christian a
refuge - there is a mercy-seat. It has not
got to be made; it is there, there is the precious Blood. The
blood has not to be shed; it is shed. There is a High
Priest making intercession for us. There is everything that we
need. The work is finished, it is completed. Oh, we Christians
have got to believe our beliefs! We have got to take hold, with
both hands, of the things which are the things of our Christian
But I know you have
problems when I say that, "But what about this, this old man?"
Unless you are one of those people who believe that sin has been
absolutely rooted out of you, and that it is quite impossible
for you to sin - well, if you believe that, the Lord bless you!
I think you may be tripped up some day and find that there is an
old man there after all. But leaving that aside, most of us do
know that there are two things in us: there is the new and there
is the old; there is the spiritual man and there is the natural
man, and this natural man is a very troublesome fellow! What
about him over against the finished work? This letter just tells
you all about that, it says: "God dealeth with you as
with sons", and God loves sons. Are you a child
of God? Has there been in your history that deep action of new
birth? Have you received the Lord Jesus? The Word of God says: "To
as many as received Him, to them gave He the right to be the
children of God". If you have received the Lord Jesus,
you are a child of God. The spirit of sonship has come in and
dwells in you.
Now this letter
says that God loves His sons, and because He loves them, He
chastens them: He child-trains them. Now, "no child-training",
says the letter, "for the present is pleasant". God's dealings
with His own family are not always pleasant, and when they are
unpleasant there is a little demon sitting on your shoulder and
he will whisper in your ear: "You see, God doesn't love you. He
would not deal with you like this if He loved you." The devil is
always out to turn the loving works of God into evil things.
Yes, God is dealing
with us as with sons. It is discipline, and it goes against the
flesh. The letter says: "It is not for the present pleasant".
Indeed, the letter might have said: "It is very unpleasant"!
"What son is he... What father is he", says this letter, "who
does not chasten his son?"
Now, what I am
saying is not easy to say, because I may be exposing myself to
the rod. We have enough experience to know that we have to say
some things very carefully, because we are often tested on the
things that we say. But here is the statement that it is a
totally unkind father who never chastens his child. Have
you seen children who are never chastened or corrected? Those
children are going to have a bad time in this world, people are
not going to like them, and they are going to discover that
people don't like them. Their parents have spoilt them.
This letter says
that God's love is expressed in His using the rod to His
children. God does not always put His good things, His best
things, into a nice form. I heard the other day of a little boy
who had to take some medicine, and it was not very nice. But his
father said: "There are many vitamins in this medicine." And the
little boy said: "Father, Daddy, why must all the good things be
put into nasty things? Why can't they be put into ice-cream?"
The Lord doesn't always put the good things into ice-creams.
Sometimes the vitamins are in the nasty medicine.
Now that is exactly
what this letter says. God is not condemning us when He deals
with us like that. He is working to deliver us. God never
delivers us by a sermon. If you think that these talks here are
going to save you, you are making a mistake! These are only to
explain what God is doing. God never, never saves by theory.
You may read everything that has ever been written on Christian
doctrine and still be the same man or woman. God's ways are very
practical, and He teaches us by experience. That experience is
sometimes very difficult, it is what is called here, "the
training of sons".
Well, we are
proving again what I said about never getting to the bottom of
things. I have only just begun to say what I want to say about
this one matter. But it will not be in the amount that I say
that the benefit is found. We just take a little and take it to
the Lord and apply it to our hearts; it will do its work. So I
think that I'll just stop there for this morning. If the Lord
wills, I will take it up there at that point again tomorrow
morning, the evening will be on another particular aspect of
this whole matter because there are a number of friends who can
only be here in the evening. May the Lord just impress our
hearts again with these things! God is still speaking in His
Son, His speaking is in order to get companions of His Son - companions
of this heavenly calling and the companions of Christ will go
into the hard school and have to learn many hard lessons, but in
so learning, they will come to understand how great is their
inheritance in the Lord Jesus.
I may add this: My
experience is, dear friends, that no one really has
spiritual knowledge without suffering. I am not speaking
about head knowledge. I am speaking about real knowledge of the
Lord in the inner life. I do not know of anybody who has come
into that knowledge apart from suffering. Perhaps that is a
depressing thing to say, but there it is - it's a law in God's
Word. "We have this treasure in vessels of
fragile clay", and how poor this vessel is we learn
through trial and affliction, but then we learn how wonderful
the Lord is. The letter says: "Afterward..." (that is, after
the chastening) "the peaceable fruits of righteousness".
What a wonderful phrase: the peaceable fruits of righteousness!
Those fruits come along the line of chastening by way of
So let us ask for
that grace which the Apostle had, to rejoice in suffering.